XRP

XRP

XRP to USD
Performance
Market capitalisation
Total transaction volume
1D
7D
1M
6M
1Y
All Time
Price
1H Arrow Icon
Market cap
Arrow Icon
24h Volume
Arrow Icon
All time high price
Total issued tokens
YTD Performance
YTD High
YTD Low
Maximum supply
100,000,000,000 with transaction fees burnt

Project history

The company behind the Ripple network, originally called RipplePay, was founded in 2004, predating Bitcoin. The important insight of Ripple’s founders was that eliminating the middlemen in financial transactions would save a lot of cost and time, and create a much more efficient global payments system.

Ripple, a private company, succeeded in creating great technology for global remittances and payments. They had, however, not solved the problem that users in their system had to trust each other. After the launch of Bitcoin, Ripple changed their approach. On the one hand they introduced trusted gateways to their system that customers could interact with (basically a hybrid of the traditional and the new peer-to-peer systems), and at the same time launched the cryptocurrency XRP in 2012.

Technology

The XRP Ledger targets transaction speed and cost, while sacrificing decentralisation to achieve it. The protocol is one of the fastest, and significantly faster than Bitcoin or Ethereum 1.0. The transaction costs are also extremely low, a very small fraction of a cent.

This was achieved through using a semi permissioned network of validators to confirm transactions. Although anyone can run a validator node, Ripple maintains a list of trusted nodes. Each validator can set its trusted nodes but those curated by Ripple dominate. There are only a few dozen on Ripple’s list, and Ripple itself runs about a fifth of these. Consensus requires over 80% agreement.

The XRP protocol was developed and is maintained by Ripple. At the end of 2019, a software suite was launched for developers to support applications building on the protocol.

Key people

The developer behind the legacy company from which Ripple evolved was Ryan Fugger. He sold the project to technology entrepreneur Chris Larsen (currently Chairman of Ripple) and Jed McCaleb, who had founded (and sold) Mt Gox prior to his involvement with Ripple, and later went on to launch Stellar.

The developers of the XRP Ledger were Arthur Britto and David Schwartz (current Ripple CTO).

Some notable investors (Roger Ver, Jesse Powell) and venture capital firms (Andreessen Horowitz, Google Ventures, Pantera) have funded Ripple.

Ripple has been funding the development of the XRP Ledger through the sale of XRP tokens. It is a point of contention that the proceeds from selling XRP tokens in the open market are also funding for profit activities of Ripple. Indeed, according to Ripple’s CEO, XRP sales form a significant portion of the company’s profitability.

Supply model/Tokenomics

All of the XRP supply of 100 billion units were minted ahead of the network’s launch. Since then Ripple has been selling XRP regularly, and continues to hold approximately 50-55 percent of the remaining minted tokens. There is a quarterly cap on how many tokens Ripple can sell, although the reporting on this has been vague. Ripple founders also have significant token holdings, also with selling restrictions.

XRP validators are not compensated for their efforts which raises questions about long term sustainability as a decentralised platform.

The tokens used to pay transaction fees are burnt (destroyed). But as the transaction fees are so negligibly small (one of the network’s attractions), this token burn makes no real difference to the supply/demand dynamics of XRP. To date less than 10 million tokens have been burnt (since the network’s 2012 launch), or less than 0.0001 percent of the total supply.

Key value drivers

The outcome of the lawsuits filed against Ripple in connection with the sales of XRP tokens (class action suits since 2018, as well as the enforcement action filed by the SEC in December 2020) remains a significant uncertainty. A favourable outcome would be a significant positive for the token price, as would a relisting of the token by major exchanges or success attracting a critical mass of applications.

XRP lacks strong store-of-value characteristics due to some of the protocol features and the control over a large portion of the supply by a private company and this is likely to limit the upside.

Disclaimer: The information in this publication pertaining to Sygnum Bank AG (“Sygnum”) is for general information purposes only, as per date of publication, and should not be considered exhaustive. This publication does not consider the financial situation of any natural or legal person, nor does it provide any tax, legal or investment advice. This publication does not constitute any advice or recommendation, an offer or invitation by or on behalf of Sygnum to purchase or sell any assets. No elements of precontractual or contractual relationship are intended. While the information is believed to be from accurate and reliable sources, Sygnum makes no representation or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy of the information. Sygnum expressly disclaims any and all liability that may be based on such information, omissions, or errors thereof. Any statements contained in this publication attributed to a third party represent Sygnum‘s interpretation of the data, information and/or opinions provided by that third party either publicly or through a subscription service, and such use and interpretation have not been reviewed by the third party. Sygnum reserves the right to amend or replace the information, in part or entirely, at any time, and without any obligation to notify the recipient of such amendment / replacement or to provide the recipient with access to the information. Simultaneously, there is no obligation of Sygnum to inform recipients of information, if before provided information later becomes outdated, inaccurate or obsolete, unless otherwise provided by applicable law. The information provided is not intended for use by or distributed to any individual or legal entity in any jurisdiction or country where such distribution, publication or use would be contrary to the law or regulatory provisions or in which Sygnum does not hold the necessary registration, approval authorisation or license. Except as otherwise provided by Sygnum, it is not allowed to modify, copy, distribute or reproduce, display, license, or otherwise use any content for commercial purposes.

Contact Sygnum Singapore

I am a
Submit Mandatory fields

Local restrictions – Provision of cross-border services

It looks like you are using a computer with an IP address located outside of Switzerland.
If you are located in Switzerland, please click “Continue” to access the Sygnum Bank AG (Sygnum) website.

If you are not located in Switzerland, please read below.

This website and the information contained herein are addressed solely to persons residing or domiciled in Switzerland.

Sygnum is a regulated bank supervised by the Swiss Market Financial Authority (FINMA). The products and services on this website are authorised in Switzerland. Sygnum cannot promote its products and services in other countries where it is not authorised by the supervisory authority of that country to do so.

If you click on “Continue” to visit this website, you confirm that you have read and understood the above and you are visiting this website on your own initiative without any active promotion or solicitation from Sygnum.

Investor qualification

The following content is available to qualified investors. Please confirm your details below to visit this page, or please see our other digital asset updates here.

Security alert

Stay alert to fraudulent communications. Sygnum will never post messages on social media or private messaging applications regarding Sygnum banking access or logins. If you have concerns, contact us.

Close